Info for Teens

General information about several topics that affect tweens and teens during their puberty years. 

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Treatment

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) in ,

A woman's regular menstrual cycle can bring about more than 150 symptoms, both physical and emotional. They generally show up during the time between her ovulation and menstrual bleeding in a space called the luteal phase. The luteal phase usually begins about fourteen days from the first day of her last menstrual period. Premenstrual symptoms can arise at any point during this phase and continue through the second or third day of the menstrual period.

Premenstrual syndrome affects three out of four women, generally those who are in their late twenties to late forties. It is more likely to occur in women with at least one child and can grow more severe as she approaches menopause.

Doctors have yet to conclusively identify the exact cause of PMS, but evidence shows that it may be the result of hormone changes that occur during the menstrual cycle. During this phase, serotonin levels in the brain fluctuate as well, which may additionally be a contributing factor. A history of depression, stress, and poor eating habits may not be directly responsible, but they can increase the severity of PMS symptoms.

Some of the physical symptoms of PMS include:

  • Swollen or tender breasts
  • Water retention and bloating
  • Irregular bowel movements
  • Acne
  • Discharge from the nipples when they are pressed
  • Cravings for sweet or salty food
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Fatigue
  • Decreased libido
  • Headaches or migraines
  • Sore muscles and joints
  • Cramps
  • Lower back pain

Emotional symptoms include:

  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Loss of focus
  • Mood swings

PMS symptoms may be manageable, but when they begin to affect your quality of life, the best solution is to seek the help of a medical professional.

PMS Treatment

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Treatment in  ,

Your physician can help you determine if the conditions you're suffering from are the result of premenstrual syndrome, and can recommend lifestyle changes and medications that can lessen the effects of your symptoms.

If you feel that you may be suffering from premenstrual syndrome, or if the effects of PMS are adversely affecting your life, the first step in treatment is to keep a log of these symptoms for two or three menstrual cycles. In addition to the specific symptoms, you should keep track of their durations as well as the severity. This will help your doctor determine the ideal form of treatment.

Call (281) 824-1480 or contact us online so a medical professional can end your discomfort and help you cope with the effects of premenstrual syndrome.

Acne Treatment

Acne Treatment in ,

Most associate acne with teenagers and puberty but a growing number of adults suffer from the condition as well. Acne can ultimately cause scars, so it should always be taken seriously. If you are suffering from acne, it isn't hopeless: Call (281) 824-1480 or contact us online.

What is Acne?

Acne is the medical term for clogged skin pores. Acne is most often caused by hair follicles underneath your skin becoming clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and other natural substances. When this happens, visible blemishesform. These blemishes are not a serious health risk, but they can cause scars and may also be an indication of a more concerning health issue.

Adult acne, despite popular belief, is very real and a concern for many. Acne and acne scars can occur anywhere on your body, but are most commonly found on the:

  • Face
  • Neck
  • Back
  • Chest
  • Shoulders

Acne can range anywhere from light to severe, depending on the form it takes. This is because there are several types of acne and several contributing causes of acne. They include:

  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Excess oil
  • Certain bacteria
  • Inflammation

Types of Acne

Adult acne is a general term that describes a number of more specific blemishes. These include:

  • Whiteheads: Scientifically, these are referred to as closed comedones. Whiteheads manifest themselves as small white bumps on the skin that are caused by oil clogging your pores that push the underlying follicle to the surface. Whiteheads are not exposed to air, which explains their color.
  • Blackheads: Blackheads are, in essence, the opposite of whiteheads. Because of this, they are referred to by the medical community as open comedones. Like whiteheads, they are caused by oil clogging your pores. Where they differ is that the clogged follicles are exposed to air, which causes them to turn black.
  • Papules: This type of acne manifests itself as small, cone-shaped pink bumps. In essence, papules are a variety of whitehead that contain no pus and have become inflamed. Unlike some of the other forms of acne, papules are painful to the touch.
  • Pimples: What most call pimples, the medical community refers to as pustules. These are similar to papules, but different in that they contain visible pus. This causes inflammation, although most pimples are generally painless.
  • Nodules and Cysts: These are the most severe forms of acne. Nodules appear on large areas of the skin and are incredibly painful. They are hard to the touch, severely inflamed and reside deep with your skin. Cysts are similar, but softer and filled with pus.

Request Acne Treatment Today!

If you are suffering from nodular acne or cystic acne, which can last for months, it's crucial that you get help immediately. Call (281) 824-1480 or contact us online.

Acne Treatment

Acne Treatment in ,

Acne takes many forms: whiteheadsblackheadspimples and cysts are troubling and difficult to deal with, especially when they occur in adults (adult acne). There is no one best acne treatment, but there are several options available to those suffering from this condition.

If you're in need of acne treatment, call (281) 824-1480 or contact us online.

Best Acne Treatment

One of the best ways to combat acne is with preventive treatment. Because most forms of acne stem from clogged pores and excess oil, here are a few simple ways to improve your overall skin health:

  • Keep clean: Wash your face at least twice a day with a mild facial cleanser. Avoid products that dry out your skin. These can increase oil production.
  • Avoid makeup: Certain makeup can irritate the skin. Consult your doctor before using any new foundation or cover-up.
  • Avoid sun exposure: Too much sun can severely damage your facial skin. This is also true for tanning beds.
  • De-stress: Stress may contribute to acne, so it's best to avoid stressors and enjoy healthier skin as a benefit.
  • Detox: Skin is semi-permeable which means that it absorbs the toxins in our environment and in our skin care products. Effectively detoxifying under the supervision of your doctor 1-2 times per year and using organic products without harmful chemicals will unclog pores and keep skin healthier.
  • Eat a healthy diet: Refined sugars, dairy, chocolate and greasy food can all contribute to acne production. Adhering to a Mediterranean diet consisting of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins can protect against acne. 

Depending on the severity of your adult acne, certain over-the-counter medications and cosmetic procedures may be recommended. These treatments can include:

  • Creams, face washes and cleansers 
  • Benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid
  • Radiofrequency (RF) technology treatment
  • Microdermabrasion
  • Laser therapy

Some prescription acne treatments include AccutaneSortret and hormonal birth control for women.

Hormonal Acne Treatment

A large portion of acne and adult acne stems from hormonal imbalance. That makes hormonal acne treatment an effective tool for dealing with acne on the face, back, shoulders, chest or anywhere else on the body.

In essence, when hormones such as estrogen, progesterone and testosterone are not balanced, they cause your body to react by creating more oil and more acne. The best way to combat this hormonal imbalance is with bioidentical hormone replacement therapy (BHRT).

Unlike conventional hormone replacement therapy, BHRT uses biologically identical and naturally derivedhormones. These hormones offer a safe, effective solution for treating adult acne. Bio-identical hormones can be delivered in:

  • Pills
  • Tablets
  • Pellets
  • Patches
  • Creams
  • Gels

Severe Acne Treatment

If you're suffering from severe acne, it's best to get treated immediately. Acne that is left untreated can quickly result in unsightly acne scars. If you're interested in treating your acne with bioidentical hormones or an alternate treatment, please call (281) 824-1480 or contact us online.

Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Testing

STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease) Testing in , Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are viral or bacterial infections that can be passed through sexual intercourse or sexual contact. You may not know if you have a sexually transmitted disease and you probably will not be able to look at your partner and know if they do either.

Some STDs can take ten years to show their symptoms, so if you have risk factors for an STD make sure to always use a condom and get STD testing. Call today to get started.

Risk Factors for STD Infection

You can contract an STD after just one act of sex. Anyone can get an STD, so use responsible practices and get STD testing regularly. Here are some lifestyle practices that can raise your risk for an STD:

  • Multiple partners (more than one sexual partner)
  • Having unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex
  • Improper or inconsistent condom use
  • You have had another STD in the past
  • You drink alcohol or abuse drugs
  • You are an adolescent/teenage female

Symptoms of an STD

STD symptoms can be mild and you may not realize what's wrong right away. Women often mistake bacterial infections like gonorrhea or chlamydia for yeast infections or urinary tract infections. If you experience any of the following symptoms, see your doctor.

  • Soreness, bumps or raised areas on your genitals or anus
  • Discharge or drainage from the penis or vagina (it may or may not have a bad smell)
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Burning or painful urination (pee)
  • Swollen lymph nodes in your groin or legs

Types of STD Testing

STD testing can take several forms depending on the infection your doctor may be looking for. HIV, syphilis and hepatitis may be found with blood tests. Bacterial infections like gonorrhea and chlamydia will require a swab of your cervix (if you are female) or the inside of your penis (if you are male). Urine samples and swabs of draining sores can also provide results depending on the infection. Some STDs can be treated with antibiotics and others cannot be cured—you will carry them with you for life.

If you need STD testing, talk to you doctor. STD testing is not always a part of your pap smear or annual women's exam, so do not assume your doctor is looking for these unless you ask. If you would prefer, you can always visit your local health department or free clinic for testing.

If you test positive for an STD, your sexual partner(s) should also be tested and treated. If you keep having sex with someone who has not been treated, you could redevelop the STD or pass it back and forth. Schedule STD testing today: Call (281) 824-1480 or contact us online.

Birth Control and Contraception

Birth Control and Contraception in ,

Contraception refers to any medical method or treatment designed to prevent pregnancy. Contraception is available in both short-term and long-term varieties. Contraception is often referred to as simply birth control.

Are you looking to find the right birth control method for you? Call (281) 824-1480 or contact us online.

What is Contraception?

Contraception is the broad term that encompasses all birth control methods. Birth control is a crucial part of family planning and practicing safe sex. Some methods of birth control also guard against sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs), but this is not true of every method.

In general, contraception is broken down in to three major categories:

  • Short term contraception, which is utilized just once and may be ceased at any point.
  • Long term contraception, which may last for a very long time and require extra attention to reverse.
  • Emergency contraception, which is taken or administered after unprotected or poorly-protected sex.

Each one of these broad categories contains many different types of birth control.

Types of Contraceptives

There are many different types of contraceptives. Both contraceptives for men and contraceptives for womenare available. Varieties of contraceptives include:

  • Hormonal birth control: As the name implies hormonal contraceptives work by altering the body's hormones in order to prevent ovulation or fertilization. Hormonal birth control is only available for women and may be administered as a pill, patch, implant, injection IUD or vaginal ring.
  • Barrier contraceptives: Barrier contraceptives are available for both men and woman. They act as a literal barrier between sperm and uterus, preventing pregnancy from occurring. Types of barrier birth control include condoms, sponges, cervical caps, diaphragms and more.
  • Intrauterine devices (IUDs): This type of birth control is inserted directly in to the uterus. IUDs may be made out of copper or levonorgestrel. IUDs are a very long-lasting form of birth control, but are also reversible.
  • Sterilization: Sterilization is a surgical birth control option. It is available for both men (vasectomy) and women (tubal ligation). Sterilization is considered to be the most permanent form of contraception, though it may be reversed in very rare cases as well.

What Form of Contraception is Right for Me?

There is no one “correct” method of birth control, as each type features distinct advantages and disadvantages. Some prefer the long-term protection of an IUD or sterilization, while others opt for convenience with hormonal or barrier methods.

There are so many different varieties of birth control that it's important to discuss them with a physician or healthcare professional. Only then can you determine which type of contraception best suits your level of sexual activity and person needs.

Request Birth Control Information Today

Contraception can be confusing to understand on your own. For a discreet, informative contraception consultation call (281) 824-1480 or contact us online.

High Risk Pregnancy

High Risk Pregnancy in ,

While a pregnancy is almost always a happy occasion, many women are faced with the prospect of a high risk pregnancy. Whether due to a pre-existing illness, age or any other factor a high risk pregnancyrequires special care.

Request more information about high risk pregnancyand obstetrics today: call (281) 824-1480 or contact us online.

What is a High Risk Pregnancy?

A pregnancy is considered high risk when either the mother or child faces an increased chance of complications. Some of what causes a high risk pregnancy is pre-existing health conditions, while other risk factors include age or lifestyle choices.

A high risk pregnancy isn't necessarily “treated”, but is instead subject to much closer monitoring and more frequently health check-ups. If the high risk pregnancy is due to an underlying medical condition, treatment of that issue may need to happen before pregnancy occurs.

If it is determined that a high risk pregnancy is present, special steps may be taken. These can include blood testing, urine testing and additional ultrasounds. In some cases, a special facility or hospital that caters to high risk pregnancies may be used.

High Risk Pregnancy Factors

There are many different factors that can lead to a high risk pregnancy. Some non-illness high risk pregnancy factors include:

  • Age: Women younger than 17 or older than 35 face a higher risk of complications than women within that range.
  • Multiple-child pregnancy: In many cases, a multiple-baby pregnancy is automatically considered high risk.
  • Lifestyle: Mothers who are obese, underweight or have a history of substance abuse are considered to have a high risk pregnancy.
  • Past pregnancy issues: If a mother has dealt with multiple miscarriages, early birth, and pregnancy seizures or has had previous high-risk pregnancy, this is also a factor.

Many high risk pregnancies also stem from health issues present in the fetus, including Down syndrome, heart problems and lung issues.

Still other high risk pregnancies are caused by a pre-existing health condition in the mother. Some of these illnesses can include:

  • Diabetes
  • Kidney disease
  • Epilepsy
  • High blood pressure
  • Cancer
  • HIV
  • Hepatitis C
  • Syphilis
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Lupus
  • Arthritis
  • Asthma

Certain medications may affect pregnancy risk as well.

Request Obstetric Information Today

If you believe you are entering a high risk pregnancy, contact a medical professional immediately. Request more information about obstetric care: call (281) 824-1480 or contact us online.

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